We present a new approach for learning programs from noisy datasets. Our approach is based on two new concepts: a regularized program generator which predicts a candidate program based on a small sample of the entire dataset while avoiding overfitting, and a dataset sampler which carefully samples the dataset by leveraging the candidate program’s score on that dataset. The two components are connected in a continuous feedback-directed loop.
We show how to instantiate our learning approach to three settings: the setting where the dataset contains no noise (as assumed in today’s programming-by-example approaches), the setting where the dataset has a bound on the noise, and the setting where no bound on the noise is known. We then present several new kinds of program synthesizers which target a particular noise setting.
First, we introduce a novel regularized bitstream synthesizer that successfully predicts programs even in the presence of incorrect input/output examples. We show that the synthesizer can detect errors in the examples while combatting overfitting – a major problem in existing synthesis techniques. We also show how the approach can be used in a setting where the dataset grows dynamically via new examples (e.g., provided by a human).
Second, we present a novel technique for constructing statistical code completion systems. These are systems trained on massive datasets of open source programs, also known as “Big Code”. The key idea is to introduce a domain specific language (DSL) over trees and to learn functions in that DSL directly from the dataset. These learned functions then condition the predictions made by the system. This is a flexible and powerful technique which generalizes several existing works as we no longer need to decide a priori on what the prediction should be conditioned (another benefit is that the learned functions act as a natural mechanism for explaining the prediction to the programmer). As a result, our code completion system surpasses the prediction capabilities of state of the art, hard-wired systems.
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|Learning Programs from Noisy Data|
Veselin RaychevETH Zurich, Pavol BielikETH Zurich, Switzerland, Martin VechevETH Zurich, Andreas KrauseETH ZurichLink to publication DOI Pre-print Media Attached File Attached
|Optimizing Synthesis with Metasketches|
James BornholtUniversity of Washington, Emina TorlakUniversity of Washington, Dan GrossmanUniversity of Washington, USA, Luis CezeUniversity of Washington, USAPre-print Media Attached
|Maximal Specification Synthesis|
Aws AlbarghouthiUniversity of Wisconsin–Madison, Isil DilligUniversity of Texas, Austin, Arie GurfinkelCarnegie Mellon UniversityPre-print Media Attached
|Example-Directed Synthesis: A Type-Theoretic Interpretation|
Jonathan FranklePrinceton University, Peter-Michael OseraGrinnell College, David WalkerPrinceton University, Steve ZdancewicUniversity of PennsylvaniaPre-print Media Attached File Attached